There are many different types of cardiac arrest and its also known as circulatory arrest or cardiopulmonary arrest. Cardiac arrest takes place when the heart suddenly stops supplying the body with enough blood, due to inefficient heart contractions or when effective blood circulation sudden stops. Should this happen suddenly its referred to as SAC (sudden cardiac arrest).
Cardiac arrest is different from a heart attack or heart failure. During cardiac arrest the heart does not supply the body with glucose or oxygen. These are extremely important to the body, patients are expected to lose consciousness due to inefficient oxygen or glucose to the brain. Patients will experience abnormal or absent breathing. Brain damage can occur with cardiac arrest when not treated within 5 minutes.
Treatment will be immediately required for there to be change of a neurological recovery and survival. This is definitely a medical emergency, but can be reversible if treatment is done in time. Treatment if shockable is immediate defibrillation, which means a therapeutic electrical energy is delivered to the heart. This is used to reestablish the pacemaker that is used to regulate heartbeats. Other treatments include CPR (cardiopulmonary resuscitation). This is unlikely to restart the heart, but is used to manually pump blood to the brain and other organs.
Symptoms of Cardiac Arrest
Cardiac arrest will provide symptoms such as fainting, dizziness, blackouts, fatigue, shortness of breath chest pains, vomiting, weakness and shortness of breath. However, there have been many reported cases where cardiac arrest takes place without any prior warning or symptoms.
Cardiac arrest can be confirmed by finding no pulse, breathing abnormality or not breathing whatsoever. The result of cardiac arrest of almost always death, however many people have survived it. Urgent medical attention will be required and CPR should be started on the patient immediately. The patient will become unconscious very quickly and breathing could stop, CPR should be continued till medical assistance can be reached.
Causes of Cardiac Arrest
Heart disease is the leading cause of cardiac arrest. In fact around 70% is related to coronary heart diseases. The predominant cause for arrest among adults is ischemic heart disease as 30% of autopsy result show myocardial infarction signs.
Preventing Cardiac Arrest
Since cardiac arrest is been directly related with heart disease and it being the biggest cause of arrest, the best way to prevent it is to follow a heart healthy diet and exercise regularly. Smoking of tobacco should also be avoided at all cost, which includes second hand smoke. Patients with high risk of heart disease, high blood pressure or high cholesterol among other things should be extra careful about the diet plan followed.
Cholesterol and other risks involved with cardiac arrest can be managed and prevented with the right eating plan and cutting bad habits. Patients can do this with a healthy heart diet. Eating right and keeping fit has proven to lower the risk of cardiac arrest among many other heart risks by up to 80%. A healthy heart provides a healthy body. Patient you and old should practice a healthy lifestyle to prevent or lower the risks involved with the heart.